Art. 96. Life-cycle costs

1. Life-cycle costs shall include, as far as relevant, all the following costs, or parts thereof, linked to the life cycle of a product, service or work:

a) costs borne by the contracting authority or other users, such as:

1) costs relating to acquisition,

2) costs of use, such as consumption of energy and other resources,

3) maintenance costs,

4) end of life costs, such as collection, disposal and recycling costs.

b) costs imputed to environmental externalities linked to the products, services or works during their life cycle, provided their monetary value can be determined and verified. Such costs may include the costs of emissions of greenhouse gases and of other pollutant substances, as well as other climate change mitigation costs.

2. When assessing the costs using a life-cycle costing approach, contracting authorities or contracting entities shall indicate in the procurement documents the data to be provided by the tenderers and the method which the contracting authority will use to determine the life-cycle costs on the basis of those data. For the evaluation of the costs imputed to environmental externalities,

The method shall fulfil all the following conditions:

a) it is based on objective, verifiable and non-discriminatory criteria. Where the method has not been established for repeated or continuous application, it shall not unduly favor or disadvantage certain economic operators;

b) it is accessible to all interested parties;

c) the data required can be provided with reasonable effort by normally diligent economic operators, including economic operators from other Member States, third countries party to the GPA or other international agreements by which the Union is bound or ratified by Italy.

3. Annex XVIII to this Code contains the list of the legislative acts of the Union and, where appropriate, the implementing delegated acts approving common methods for the assessment of life-cycle costs.